ISO Certification Consulting
The adoption of a quality management system should be a strategic decision of an organization. The design and implementation of an organization's quality management system is influenced by:
a) Its organizational environment, changes in that environment, and the risk associated with that environment.
b) Its various needs.
c) Its particular objectives.
d) The products it provides.
e) The processes it employs.
f) Its size and organizational structure.
It is not the intent of this international standard to imply uniformity in the structure of quality management system or uniformity or documentation. The quality management system requirements specified in this international standard are complementary to requirements for products. information marked " NOTE" is for guidance in understanding or clarifying the associated requirement.
This international standard can be used by internal and external parties, including certification bodies, to assess the organization's ability to meet customer, statutory and regulatory requirements applicable to the product,and the organization's own requirements.
The quality management principles states in ISO 9000 and ISO 9004 have been taken into consideration during the development if this international standard
OHSAS 18001 2007
Organizations of all kinds are increasingly concerned with achieving and demonstrating sound occupational health and safety (OH&S) performance by controlling their OH&S risk. consistent with their OH&S policy and objectives. they do so in the context of increasingly stringent legislation. the development of economic policies and other measures that foster good OH&S practices. and increased concern expressed by interested parties about OH&S issues.
Many organizations have undertaken OH&S "reviews" or " audits " to asses their OH&S performance. On their own, however, these "reviews" and audits " may not be sufficient not only meets. but will continue to meet. its legal and policy requirements. to be effective, they need to be conducted within a structured management system that is integrated within the organization.
The OHSAS Standards covering OH&S management are intended to provide organizations with the elements of an effective OH&S management system that can be integrated with other management requirements and help organizations achieve OH&S and economic objectives. these standards. like other international standards. are not intended to be used to create non-tariff trade barriers or to increase or change an organization's legal obligations.
This OHSAS standard specifies requirements for an OH&S management system to enable an organization to develop and implement a policy and objectives which take into account legal requirements and information about OH&S risks. it is intended to apply to all types and sizes of organizations and to accommodate diverse geographical, cultural and social conditions. The success of the system depends on commitment from all levels and functions of the organization, and especially from top management. A system of this kind enables an organization to develop an OH&S policy establish objectives and processes to achieve the policy commitments. take action as needed to improve its performance and demonstrate the conformity of the system to the requirements of this OHSAS standard.The overall aim of this OHSAS standard is to support and promote good OH&S practices. in balance with socioeconomic needs. it should be noted that many of the requirements can be addressed concurrently or revisited at any time.
The second edition of this OHSAS standard is focused on clarification of the first edition. and has taken due consideration of the provisions of ISO 9001. ISO 14001, ILO-OSH, and other OH&S management system standards or publications to enhance the compatibility of these standards for the benefit of the user community.
There is an important distinction between this OHSAS standard. which describes the requirements for an organization's OH&S management system and can be used for certification/ registration and/or self-declaration of an organization's OH&S management system. and non-certifiable guideline intended to provide generic assistance to an organization for establishing. implementing or improving an OH&S management system. OH&S management encompasses a full range of issues. including those with strategic and competitive implications. demonstration of successful implementation of this OHSAS standard can be used by an organization to assure interested parties that an appropriate OH&S management system is in place. Those organizations requiring more general guidance on a broad range of OH&S management system issues are referred to OHSAS 18002. any reference to other international standard is for information only.
Many organizations manage their operations via the application of a system of processes and their interactions, which can be referred to as the "process approach". ISO 9001 promotes the use of the process approach. Since PDCA can be applied to all processes, the two methodologies are considered to be compatible.
This OHSAS standard contains requirements that can be objectively audited; however it dose not establish absolute requirements for OH&S performance beyond the commitments. in the OH&S policy, to comply with applicable legal requirement and with other requirements to which the organization subscribes, to the prevention of injury and ill health and to continual improvement. thus,two organizations carrying out similar operations but having different OH&S performance can both conform to its requirement.
This OH&S standard does not include requirements specific to other management systems, such as those for quality. environmental,security, or financial management, though its element can be aligned or integrated with those of other management system(s) in order to establish an OH&S management system that conforms to the requirement of this OHSAS standard. it is pointed out, however, that the application of various elements of the management system night deffer depending on the intended purpose and the interested parties involved.
The level of detail and complexity of the OH&S management system, the extent of documentation and the resources devoted to it depend on a number of factors, such as the scope of the system. the size of an organization and the nature of its activities, products and services, and the organizational culture. This may be the case in particular for small and medium-sized enterprises.
Organizations of all kinds are increasingly concerned with achieving and demonstrating sound environmental performance by controlling the impacts of their activities, products and services on the environment, consistent with their environmental policy and objectives. they do so in the context of increasingly stringent legislation, the development of economic policies and other measures that foster environmental protection , and increased concern expressed by interested parties about environmental matters and sustainable development.
Many organizations have undertaken environmental "reviews" or" audits" to assess their environmental performance. on their own, however, these "reviews" and "audits" may not be sufficient to provide an organization with the assurance that its performance not only meet, but will continue to meet, its legal and policy requirements. to be effective, they need to be conducted within a structures management system that is integrated within the organization.
International Standards covering environmental management are intended to provide organizations with the elements of an effective Environmental Management System (EMS) that can be integrated with other management requirement and help organizations achieve environmental and economic goals. these standards, like other international standards, are not intended to be used to create non-tariff trade barriers or to increase or change an organization's legal obligations.
This international standard specifies requirements for an environmental management system to enable an organization about significant environmental aspects. it is intended to apply to all types and sizes of organization and to accommodate diverse geographical, cultural and social conditions. the basis of the approach is shown in figure 1. the success of the system depends on commitment form all levels and function of the organization, and especially from top management.A system of this kind enables an organization to develop an environmental policy, establish objectives and processes to achieve the policy commitments, take action as needed to improve its performance and demonstrate the conformity of the system to the requirements of this international standard the overall aim if this international standard is to support environmental protection and preventing of pollution in balance with socioeconomic needs. it should be noted that many oh the requirements can be addressed concurrently or revisited at any time.
The second edition of this international standard is focused on clarification of the first edition, and has taken due consideration of the provisions of ISO 9001 to enhance the compatibility of the two standards for the benefit of the user community. for ease of use, the sub clause numbers in clause 4 of the body this international standard and in annex A have been related. for example, 4.3.3 and A.3.3 deal with objectives, targets and programme(s), and 4.5.5 and A.5.5 both deal with internal audit. in addition, annex B identifies board technical correspondences between ISO 14001;2004 and ISO 9001:2000 and vice versa.
There is an important distinction between this international standard, which describes the requirement for an organization's environmental management system and can be used for certification/registration and/or self-declaration of an organization's environmental management system, and a non-certifiable guideline intended to provide generic assistance to an organization for establishing, implementation or improving an environmental management system. environmental management encompasses a full range of issues, including those with strategic and competitive implications. demonstration of successful implementation if this international Standard can be used by an organization to assure interested parties that an appropriate environmental management system is in place . Guidance on supporting environmental management techniques is contained in other international standard, particularly those on environmental management in the document established by ISO/TC 207. any reference to other international standards is for information only.
Standard SHACCP CAC Rev 4 2003
People have the right to expect the food they eat to be and suitable for consumption. Foodborne illness and foodborne injury are at best unpleasant; at worst, they can be fatal. but there are also other consequences. outbreaks of foodborne illness can damage trade and tourism and lead to loss of earnings, unemployment and litigation. food spoilage is wasteful, costly and can adversely affect trade and consumer confidence.
International food trade, and foreign travel, are increasing, bringing important social and economic benefits. but this also makes the spread of illness around the world easier. Eating habits too, have undergone major change in many countries over the last two decades and new food production, preparation and distribution techniques have developed to reflect this. effective hygiene control, therefore, is vital to avoid the adverse human healthy and economic consequences of food borne illness, food borne injury, and food spoilage. everyone, including farmers and growers, manufacturers and processors, food handlers and consumers, has a responsibility to assure that food is safe and suitable for consumption.
These general principles lay a firm for ensuring food hygiene and should be used in conjunction with each specific code of hygienic practice, where appropriate, and the guidelines on microbiological criteria. The document follows the food chain from primary production through to final consumption, highlighting the key hygiene controls at each stage, it recommends a HACCP-based approach wherever possible to enhance food safety as described in Hazard analysis and critical control point (HACCP) system and guidelines for its application (Annex).
The control described in this general principles document are internationally recognized as essential to ensure the safety and suitability of food for consumption. the general principles are commended to governments, industry (including individual primary producers, manufacturers, processors,food service operators and retailers) and consumers alike.